The following standards are relevant to preserving digital newspapers and for guiding digital preservation practices more generally:
The National Digital Newspaper Program (NDNP) Technical Guidelines describe the specific technical requirements for inclusion of digital content in Chronicling America (NEH/Library of Congress). They aim to support the “best practices” of today’s understanding of digital preservation needs for digitized newspapers.
The Reference Model for an Open Archival Information System (OAIS) was developed under the auspices of the Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems (CCSDS) and first approved as an ISO standard in 2003 (ISO 14721:2003). It is now superseded by ISO 14721:2012. The Reference Model addresses a full range of archival information preservation functions including ingest, archival storage, data management, access, and dissemination.
ISO 16363:2012 Audit and certification of trustworthy digital repositories defines a recommended practice for assessing the trustworthiness of digital repositories. It builds off of Trustworthy Repositories Audit & Certification: Criteria & Checklist Version 1.0, 2007.
The Metadata Encoding & Transmission Standard (METS) is a standard for encoding descriptive, administrative, and structural metadata regarding objects within a digital library.
The Preservation Metadata Implementation Strategies (PREMIS) data dictionary is the international standard for metadata to support the preservation of digital objects and ensure their long-term usability.